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Agile: Working in New Ways

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The relentless quest for speed and innovation has rendered the five-year plan moot, forcing many organizations to think in terms of minutes or weeks instead of longer time horizons. Nowhere is this more evident than in the growing popularity of agile work styles.


When some companies speak of becoming more agile, they are referring to mobility and a desire for more adaptability and responsiveness—giving individuals greater control over where they work. However, agile work inspired by the Agile Manifesto is something else. It is a distinct work process that traces its origins to 2001 when a group of tech executives met at a Utah ski resort to brainstorm a better approach to software development. What emerged was a document dubbed the Agile Manifesto, containing a series of values and 12 principles that form the heart of the agile methodology.


Agile is unique to every organization that incorporates it into their work processes. Though still most prevalent in IT, agile practices have migrated into other disciplines as well. Its core principles can translate to many types of teams—product development, marketing, creative groups, HR— any highly collaborative team working on development-oriented projects. Whereas many teams are agile-focused— adopting all sprint ceremonies and behaviors—others might be described as agile-inspired, adopting just certain aspects of agile to become faster, more innovative, and increasingly customer-focused.

Born in IT, agile is worth investigating for any team seeking to develop ideas and deliver solutions more quickly. It works by establishing a framework that helps teams churn work in rapid cycles, toggling between intense focus and quick collaboration for the purposes of delivering faster results, greater innovation, and more customer focus.

HBi and Steelcase are looking to offer you and your business ways to bring agile into your workplace.


Through Steelcase research, our own experience with agile and our work with customers, we know agile is not just a new work process but a fundamental change in the entire work experience. Process, culture, tools, and space all must play a role in any successful agile implementation.

Think of process and culture as the habits agile workers need—both a new way of working and new patterns of behavior. Meanwhile, tools and space represent the habitat within which these patterns of behavior can flourish. Digital and analog tools, for instance, help teams to collaborate effectively while space enables plenty of choice and control.

These elements—process, culture, tools, and space—work together to contribute toward the agile ambitions of speed, innovation, and customer focus.


Although the Agile Manifesto appeared in 2001, this new way of working seems even more relevant today. Agile’s popularity likely stems in part from its focus on doing one thing at a time—an attractive proposition for workers used to constant multi-tasking and overwhelmed by competing priorities.

Agile also taps into the human preference for creativity over redundancy—especially appealing as knowledge work claims an ever-greater share of the economy. Another factor is at play, too. As technology has become ubiquitous, every company is a tech company to some extent—it is only natural that the best IT working practices migrate into other disciplines. The benefits of a “launch to learn” approach and customer feedback that drives continuous improvement in intentional ways are all part of this way of working.


An organization can’t just announce its intent to implement agile and expect behavior to change. For the strategy to take hold, it must integrate certain key principles and operate within a work environment that supports them. 

Here are HBi and Steelcase’s ideas on how to make this happen:

Make the implicit, explicit. Transparency is a trademark of agile. Team members are expected to make the particulars and progress of their work visible. Consequently, agile environments should provide plenty of vertical and horizontal space for teams to share information visually, as well as multiple connection points to share verbally. Space also needs to accommodate digital, online representation of the work for team members who are working elsewhere.

Learn together. Agile teams are present together, leading to mutual learning that develops belonging and commitment. Agile spaces can support this learning by setting the stage for collaboration to happen naturally instead of being scheduled.

Measure, improve, focus. Agile teams welcome frequent customer feedback and constantly measure performance to aid continuous improvement. With this in mind, agile space planners must account for the presence of customers and integrate displays that make it easy to see performance metrics.

Shift leadership. Agile asks leaders to behave differently. They must empower their teams to make decisions and direct their own work. At the same time, they must be accessible and ready to lend support when needed. In many agile environments, leaders occupy a central location easily accessible to their teams.

Hold the big picture. Agile teams are most successful when the broader organization understands their work style and how it supports the overall corporate strategy. The workplace can help make this happen by incorporating elements that communicate the agile message.


Agile not only asks teams to embrace a new way of working but also requires leaders to adapt to a new way of leading.

With agile, leadership shifts from directing to coaching, from telling to empowering and from establishing limits to eliminating roadblocks. Agile leaders get out of the way, checking in on teams rather than checking up, and trusting members to work through problems with little direction. They also encourage risk-taking, reassuring teams that experimentation is expected and reinforcing that learning through failure is a positive contribution.

Agile leaders distribute decision making, encouraging team members to accept ever-greater responsibility.

They break down silos of knowledge, focusing instead on cross-training team members to prevent overreliance on individual employees. In addition, they cultivate customer commitment, ensuring that customers are embedded in the process.


Agile represents a fundamental cultural shift and people will struggle to grasp the concepts if their work environment looks like business as usual. Besides, there’s a direct link between space and culture in that space influences behavior and, over time, behavior defines culture. It is difficult, then, to expect agile success without introducing workplace changes to support it.

Following is a partial list of features common to agile spaces:

Choice and control. Agile team members must be allowed to own their space and must have control over how best to use it.

Intuitive transitions. Agile teams need multiple points for individual and group tasks—and the freedom to shift instantly among them as work requires.

Frequent reconfiguration. There’s an axiom among space planners: “Design begins when people move in.” This is doubly true in agile environments. Movable desks, tables, and display elements allow team members to customize their space as their needs change and their projects progress.

A place to stand. Many agile meetings tend to be so quick people don’t bother to sit. Consequently, agile environments typically provide open space for team members to gather around display surfaces and discuss the next steps.

Solo work. Though highly collaborative, agile work invariably involves periods of solo or paired work. Agile spaces must include getaways for deep focus.

Welcoming customers. Customers are highly engaged in agile work processes, providing frequent review and feedback. The agile environment needs to include space that welcomes customers into the workstream.

In general, agile requires space planners to shift their thinking— from square feet per person to square feet per team and from designing for density to designing for movement. It also requires a new mindset from facilities management personnel—from maintaining standards to supporting incremental improvements that aid speed and flexibility.


There are a few keys to agile success including working together, making a commitment to customers, being transparent, and practicing patience.

Alignment is critical: Even if your entire organization isn’t adopting agile, everyone should understand and support the concept.

By definition, agile teams focus on one thing at a time.

If other groups make multiple demands on their time, it will be impossible to gain traction.

In addition, internal customers must be immersed in the agile team, and external customers must be prepared to give frequent feedback. Without such deep customer commitment, agile simply isn’t agile. Of course, serving customers is best supported with full transparency, and there’s nowhere to hide within agile. Agile team members always know exactly what everyone else is doing. They must learn to appreciate the transparency and thrive in an environment that requires uncompromising accountability.

Agile isn’t a quick fix, so be patient. It requires new behaviors that will not become second nature overnight. Don’t give up prematurely. Seek incremental improvement and trust good results will come.


Agile works best in applications that depend on creativity and collaboration and lean toward developing new ideas and solutions. Its fit is less perfect for work that includes a lot of known, redundant tasks. Yet many of its key principles—focusing on people over process, responding to change, continuous improvement—translate to every type of work.

Although agile is easy to learn, it is difficult to master. Some might say agile is impossible to master in the sense that it is designed to constantly evolve in response to changing needs. In this way, with agile, you never really arrive. The journey is likely to be far more meaningful, though, when process, culture, tools, and space all contribute to the agile work experience.

HBi and our partners at Steelcase are showing our customers how to bring agile into their businesses. Contact us today to learn more about this specialized service.